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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the best defense against cancer?Open or Close

    The best defense against cancer is Regular Screening Tests and Early Detection. This is how cancer can be detected before it spreads in the body.

  • How does cancer start?Open or Close

    Cancer cells occur along with normal cells in everyone’s body. If DNA of a cell gets damaged and produces mutations, then it gives rise to cancer. These cells multiply fast and do not obey the normal life cycle. New cells are produced before the old ones die, thereby, forming a large group of cells known as a Lump / Tumor.

  • Are all tumors cancerous?Open or Close

    No, all tumors are not cancerous. Some of them may be benign – they remain contained in their place of formation and do not spread to other parts. Only those tumors which are malignant in nature are cancerous and tend to spread to other parts.

  • How can Breast Cancer be prevented?Open or Close

    Breast cancer can be prevented by:


    •   Doing regular Breast Self Examination from the age of 20s
    •   Clinical Examination every three years during 20s and 30s and every year during 40s.
  • How can you prevent Lung Cancer?Open or Close
    •   Quit Smoking
    •   Quit Betel Nut, Gutka raw tobacco. Also help your friends to quit these habits.
  • What can you do to check Cervical Cancer?Open or Close

    Pap Smear Test to be done 3 years after first sexual intercourse, for successive three years. If the result is negative then a gap of 3-5 years may be given.

  • What is Metastasis?Open or Close

    Metastasis describes the spread of cancer from its original site of formation to any other part of the body. It happens when cells break from the original tumor (Primary Tumor) and travel to other parts through the blood stream or lymph system. They grow and form a new tumor in some other organ (Secondary Tumor).

  • What is Bone Metastasis?Open or Close

    Bone Metastasis usually happens due to spread of Breast Cancer cells to bones.

  • What are the Symptoms of Bone Metastasis?Open or Close
    •   Broken bones because of weakness of bones
    •   Fatigue without any reason
    •   Loss of appetite; Nausea; Extreme thirst
  • Can bone metastasis be prevented?Open or Close

    Bone metastasis may be caught at a very early stage if watched with alertness. In that case it can be stopped from spreading to other parts of the body.

  • What is CT-Scan?Open or Close

    Computerized Tomography Scan – it gives a detailed picture of the body by taking lots of pictures from different angles. It can be used to show more details of a specific area or bone.

  • What is MRI?Open or Close

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging – It uses radio waves and strong magnets to take detailed pictures of specific bone / bones.

  • What is PET Scan?Open or Close

    Postitron Emission Tomography – it is used by creating a 3D picture of the body with the use of radio waves that show up after an injection.

  • What is Lymphedema?Open or Close

    Lymphedema is swelling due to collection of protein rich lymphatic fluid. It may happen in any part of the body. It may be either primary or secondary.

  • How do I know if I have lymphedema?Open or Close

    You may experience symptoms that include:


    •   Persistent swelling
    •   A feeling of "heaviness" in a body part
    •   Tightening of the skin
    •   Hardening of the limb
    •   Decreased flexibility and function
    •   Decreased flexibility and function
  • Can I prevent it?Open or Close

    If you are at risk then be careful with hygiene, avoid trauma and insect bites.

  • Can it spread? How bad can it get?Open or Close

    Generally lymphedema does not exceed the boundaries of the region it is in. The severity and its effects on the tissues can increase to the point of fibrotic tissue change. There can be complications, the most common of which is infection, usually cellulites. It is important to gain control of the edema and limit or stop its progression.

  • What is PSA Level?Open or Close

    A PSA level, or Prostrate-Specific Antigen Level, is a prostate cancer screening test. Normal PSA results vary by age and by testing laboratory. A small amount of PSA can be found in blood, but it is mostly present in semen. Anything higher can indicate prostate cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, a PSA level between 4 and 10, indicates a 25% chance of it being prostate cancer. A PSA higher than 10, increases the chance of having prostate cancer to 50% and above.
    website : www.ask.com/question/what-is-psa-level

  • Who can be a caregiver?Open or Close

    Any person who takes care of a cancer patient is known as a caregiver. He may be a spouse, family member, a friend or a nurse. Usually caregivers are not trained but may act as a lifeline for the cancer patient.

  • What is the role of a caregiver?Open or Close

    A caregiver may help the patient to eat, dress, wash up, give medicines on time. He may take the patient for a drive or to the park if and when possible. He also acts as a bridge between the patient and his family members / friends / guests. He takes care that the patient takes good rest.

  • How can you be a good caregiver?Open or Close
    •   Just help the patient as much as is needed not more than that
    •   Discuss out all the options with the patient but let him make his own decisions
    •   Encourage the patient to talk on other topics and forget cancer
    •   Don’t try to do it all yourself. Reach out to relatives and friends for support
    •   Take care of your own needs and relaxation. Do not overstress yourself
    •   Seek professional help if you get frustrated at any time
    •   Do not spend all your time with the patient. Let others take turns to be by the side of the patient
    •   Make a list of areas where you need help and ask others to help you

    A caregiver may help the patient to eat, dress, wash up, give medicines on time. He may take the patient for a drive or to the park if and when possible. He also acts as a bridge between the patient and his family members / friends / guests. He takes care that the patient takes good rest.

  • What can you do as a caregiver to a cancer patient who is nearing death? Open or Close

    If a cancer patient is nearing death that means the cancer has spread in many parts of his/her body. As a caregiver you can:


    •   Speak calmly with the patient
    •   Avoid any kind of sudden change/noise in the patient’s room
    •   Help the patient to turn sides every hour or two
    •   Keep in regular touch with the doctors and tell them about each and every change in the patient
    •   Remind the patient from time to time who you are and who is around in the room
    •   The patient may tend to forget or not recognize people
    •   Gentle touch, caressing, rocking may give comfort to the patient
    •   Discuss about patient’s children, family matters etc when the patient is alert
    •   Always assume that the patient can hear and understand you, so keep talking to him
    •   Leave indirect lights on in the room
    •   Continue pain medicines till the end
  • Can I donate my organ if I have had cancer? Open or Close

    In most of the cases some organs can be donated and the chances of transfer of cancer are very less. But it is best to consult your doctor.

  • What is a support group and what is the use of attending it?Open or Close

    Sometimes cancer patients or survivors have many questions in their minds, which they cannot share with their family members. Support groups help them unite with others who have been in their shoes. So it becomes easier to relate and share emotions. Support groups are very helpful to distress yourself. They also discuss various topics and issues related to the kind of cancer.

  • How can you help a child whose parent has passed away due to cancer?Open or Close

    You can follow some the following points:


    •   Communicate with the child regularly
    •   Talk about the parent’s life
    •   Discuss about the child’s future plans
    •   Get the child involved in different activities
    •   Talk to the child about spiritual and religious beliefs related to death and life after death
    •   Speak to the child’s school teacher/friends to extend support
  • Should you discuss the disease of a family member with children?Open or Close

    Children should be taken into confidence and told about the type of cancer, in which body part it has appeared and what would be the course of treatment. Children should be told that getting cancer is nobody’s fault. They should also be told of the side effects that the patient may get during the treatment. Nothing should be kept hidden from children, thought details should be explained only according to their age and maturity level.